The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) has issued its new rules for how two federal funding streams—the 402 and 405 grants—can help address pedestrian and bicycle safety issues at http://1.usa.gov/1Q3S2mF. This guidance incorporates changes from the FAST Act. Between $2 and $25 million in Section 402 money, called the State and Community Highway Safety Grant Program, is available to every state to improve a range of safety issues, including bicycle and pedestrian safety.
Section 405 funds, called the National Priority Safety Programs, are Congressional set asides for states with safety issues that need special attention. The FAST Act added bicycle and pedestrian safety as one of those priorities; there is approximately $14 million available to split among states where more than 15 percent of traffic fatalities involve bicyclists and pedestrians. The Safe Routes to School National Partnership offers a primer for working with these programs; see http://bit.ly/239q0Zb .