NHTSA PRIMER: ADVANCING PEDESTRIAN AND BICYCLE SAFETY

NHTSA recently released its Advancing Pedestrian and Bicycle Safety: A Primer for Highway Safety Professionals. This primer is a reference for an integrated and comprehensive effort to improve pedestrian and bicycle safety and support broader transportation-related goals. It summarizes the most promising infrastructure treatments and behavioral programs for addressing specific safety problems and highlights how these approaches can be combined and implemented. It also identifies opportunities for various agencies to collaborate and combine their respective approaches and funding for a more comprehensive program. See http://bit.ly/1tvsBk9

THE BEST COMPLETE STREETS POLICIES OF 2015

The National Complete Streets Coalition has released the Best Complete Streets Policies of 2015 report. Each year the National Complete Streets Coalition analyzes, scores and ranks newly passed Complete Streets policies. In 2015, communities passed a total of 82 Complete Streets policies. These laws, resolutions, agency policies, and planning and design documents establish a process for selecting, funding, planning, designing, and building transportation projects that allow safe access for everyone, regardless of age, ability, income or ethnicity, and no matter how they travel. The report describes the 16 best comprehensive Complete Streets policies adopted in 2015 and the process for evaluating those policies.

NORWAY TO SPEND ALMOST $1 BILLION ON NEW BIKE HIGHWAYS

As reported in The Atlantic’s CityLab blog, (http://bit.ly/1QQpdUx) Norway, population 5 million, will spend a massive 8 billion Norwegian Kroner ($923 million) creating 10 broad, two-lane, cross-country bike tracks in and near Norway’s nine largest cities, allowing longer-distance cyclists to travel with a speed and safety hitherto impossible. A key component of plans to slash Norway’s transit emissions by half, the bike highway scheme still faces some resistance. Not only is cycling in Norway relatively uncommon by Scandinavian standards, but the new highways will be constructed in a mountainous country that is cold and dark for much of the year.

SPEED REDUCTION TREATMENTS FOR HIGH-SPEED ENVIRONMENTS

An Australian report, Speed Reduction Treatments for High-speed Environments, examines the performance of different types of speed-reducing treatments (or combinations of treatments) in high-speed environments.  The project also considered how desired speed can be aligned with a safe, anticipated operating speed with the goal of making high-speed roads more self-explanatory. Treatments reviewed included: treatments to support development of road hierarchies, perceptual countermeasures, transverse rumble strips, vehicle activated signs, gateway treatments, wide median centerlines, and sight distance adjustments on intersection approaches.

GLOBAL SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT GOALS OF CYCLING

The publication, Cycling Delivers on the Global Goals (http://bit.ly/1lWY0YK), showcases the ambitions of 70 cities from around the world to increase their mode share of cycling, as well as highlighting the link between cycling and 11 of the 17 new UN Sustainable Development Goals. The publication refers explicitly to the recent ITDP study – “A Global High Shift Cycling Scenario” (http://bit.ly/1MS0C4b),– shows, cycling can have a substantial positive impact on the world’s future. The scenario highlights how increasing bicycle and e-bike use would help: saving almost $6 trillion over the next 15 years, improving quality of life and a 7% decrease of urban transport CO2 emissions.